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Louie Tschoudy was born in 1720 of a Swiss background. He believed that Freemasonry had its origins in Templar Freemasonry. In 1752 he upset the Papal Court—angered would be a better description—by writing two books the first being entitled A New Years Gift for the Pope. This was followed the vatican revenge (tongue in cheek). The first book was critical of Pope Benedicts Papal Bull, excommunicating Freemasons. Persecution by The Church saw him take off for refuge in Russia. When he returned to France he was imprisoned, and it took the influence of the Grand Duke, Peter of Russia to secure his release. He wrote many books on Freemasonry, and significantly, composed the Knight of St. Andrew Degree. Otherwise he regarded this Degree and the three Blue Lodge or Craft Degrees, to present Freemasonry, regarding the Scottish Rite and other advanced degrees to be a waste of time and money for the Brethren. He died in 1769, 20 years before the French Revolution in 1789.