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The Anti-Masonic movement of the 19th century was energized by the william morgan affair of 1826. It was said that the excitement which had been raised about it had been created for political purposes. As presidential elections approached shortly after, all manners of stories were circulated by an increasing number of anti masonic newspapers. In 1830 there were more than 130 publications. One result was the formation of an anti-masonic political party. In 1836 their national convention was held and its influence ended about this time. This opposition caused long lasting injury to freemasonry and the fraternity reached its lowest ebb in about 1840. Some lodges met quietly, others met less frequently and many closed. Lodges eventually rebuilt after over a decade of depression. Another second anti-masonic party would form nearly 50 years later but it held less influence and had little effect.